Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue „bilateral“ to „discuss India and Pakistan,“ the focus has shifted again to previous „bilateral agreements,“ whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. On July 2, 1972, former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi signed the shimla agreement with then-Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. To achieve this objective, both governments agreed that the principles and objectives set out in the Charter of the United Nations would govern bilateral relations and that disputes would be resolved by „peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other peaceful means agreed upon by mutual agreement.“ On 7 July 1972, the Shimla Agreement between Indira Gandhi and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was signed in Shimla by Himachal Pradesh. Shimla Agreement is also known as Shimla Accord. The issue is important from the point of view of the IAS audit. Shimla Agreement: July 2, 1972Shimla: What is it? The Shimla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and by Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated East Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. Among them, India and Pakistan have decided to abandon the conflict of the past and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation between them. The Shimla Agreement: Key Principles The Shimla Agreement contains a series of principles agreed by both India and Pakistan, which emphasize respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity, sovereign equality, non-interference in the internal affairs of the other, respect for political independence and unity of the other, and disregard for hostile propaganda.
The principles of the Shimla Agreement are:- Mutual commitment to peacefully resolve all issues through direct bilateral approaches.- Build the basis of a cooperative relationship with an emphasis on contacts.- Maintain the inviolability of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. Shimla agreement: main features 1.