Us Afghanistan Bilateral Security Agreement Text

Neither Kerry nor Karzai gave any information on exactly what had been agreed and how they had reached a compromise on an Afghan request for the United States to guarantee the security of Afghanistan as it would be if the country were a NATO ally. That could force the United States to send troops for raids in Pakistan, the U.S. nuclear power. Afghan government officials said the requirement was essential to the country`s sovereignty and needed to be met. The Obama administration had said it would not consider such a guarantee. [67] According to the BBC`s David Loyn, David Loyn said that President Karzai had not obtained security guarantees for US troops to protect Afghanistan from external attacks. Loyn added that the United States would not grant it because it could lock them into a war with Pakistan. [71] On the other main point, the contours of a compromise seemed clearer. Karzai had refused to allow U.S. forces to pursue Al Qaeda militants on their own. Instead, he wanted all the information gathered by the United States to be handed over to Afghan forces, who could then conduct the raids. On October 12, 2013, Karzai said he was assured that U.S. forces would not conduct unilateral operations in Afghanistan after 2014, leaving open the possibility of carrying out attacks against Al Qaeda in collaboration with Afghan forces.

[67] According to the Christian Science Monitor, concerns have been expressed about the agreement regarding the end of combat operations and the withdrawal of troops earlier than planned, particularly with regard to the security of Afghanistan. The newspaper said anti-Afghanistan fighters continued to launch attacks against Western troops and that the Afghan army and police were not ready to take responsibility for the country`s security. Other concerns raised by the monitor: a possible increase in illicit drug trafficking; negative effects on the economy and social reforms, especially for women and the destabilization of the country that could affect neighbouring countries, Pakistan and Iran. [45] Concerns have also been expressed by Iran; An Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman said the deal would lead to increased instability in Afghanistan due to the continued presence of U.S. forces. [46] Historian and journalist Gareth Porter, a historian and journalist specializing in U.S. national security policy,[47] said that neither the Strategic Partnership Agreement (SPA) nor the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on night raids will end the war in Afghanistan, nor the unpopular night raids in Afghanistan, conducted by U.S. Special Forces (SOF). [48] Afghanistan and the United States signed the BSA, signed on September 30, 2014 by U.S.

Ambassador James B. Cunningham and Afghan National Security Adviser Mohammad Hanif, in a cordial ceremony at the Presidential Palace in Kabul, Afghanistan. [97] [99] On that day was also signed the NATO Troop Status Agreement, which provides Allied forces and partner countries with the legal protection necessary to implement NATO`s resolute support mission when the International Security Assistance Force ends in 2014. [100] In a preamble, the draft states that „the United States is not seeking permanent military facilities in Afghanistan or a presence that threatens Afghanistan`s neighbors and has committed not to use Afghan territory or facilities as a starting point to attack other countries. [74] It says, „Unless otherwise agreed, U.S. forces are not authorized to conduct combat operations in Afghanistan“ and does not give any commitment from the United States.